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高考英语大纲词汇

1. back  adv.回(原处);向后 adj.后面的 n. 背后,后部;背back and forth 来回,往返

back to back 背靠背

look back 回顾

put back 放回去

turn one’s back on 避开,不理睬

2. backward  adv.向后地

backward and forward  来来回回

3. baggage  n.行李

a piece of/an article of baggage  一件行李

4. balance

1) n. ① 平衡

keep a balance (between A and B)

lose one’s balance

disturb the balance of one’s mind

② 余额 (常用单数)

check your bank balance

③ 欠款(常用单数)

The balance of 500 yuan must be paid within 90 days.

be/hang in the balance 未定的, 悬而未决的

catch/throw sb. off balance 使...…失去平衡; 使…...不知所措on balance 总的来说

2)v. ①保持平衡

~(sth)on sth

He balanced the cup on her knee.

②同等重视

balance A with/and B

balance home life with career

③比较权衡

balance A against B

balance the cost against its benefit

balanced  adj.平衡的

be on a balanced diet

5. ban  n.禁令  v. 禁止,取缔

a ban on smoking 禁烟令

place… under ban 对…...加以禁止

ban sb. from sth./ doing 禁止某人做......

6.  bar

1)  n. 条,块,障碍

a bar of chocolate/soap

Being a woman was a bar to promotion(晋升).

2) vt. 封堵,阻止

All the doors and windows were barred.

bar sb. from...

bar players from drinking

7. bargain  n.(经讨价还价之后)成交的商品;廉价货 v. 讨价还价

Those shoes are a real bargain at such a low price.

bargain with sb about /over sth

8. base n. 根据地,基地   v.以......为基础, 把基地设在......

base sth on/upon sth  使......以...…为基础

His book is based on a true story.

be based in 以...为基地,把基地设在

The toy company is based in Guangzhou.

basic  adj 基本的

basic knowledge/skills

basically adv.基本上

9. basis  (复数 bases ) n.

1)基础,要素

form the basis of…

2) 基准,原则

on a regular /permanent basis 以定期的/永久的方式3) 原因,缘由

on the basis of…

Some videos were banned on the basis of violence.

10. bath  n.洗澡;浴室;澡盆

have/take a bath

bathe  v.洗澡,游泳

be bathed in …沉浸在,沐浴着(光线)

bathroom  n.浴室

高考英语大纲词汇 轻松记忆高中英语3500词——B(2)

11. bear(bore, born/borne) v.

1)承受 (重量)

The ice is too thin to bear your weight.

2) 负担, 承担

bear the cost/ burden/responsibility

3)忍受;容忍 (常用于疑问句、否定句,与can, could 连用)      bear to do/doingbear…in mind 记住......

12. beat  v. (beat ,beaten) 连续有节奏的敲击; 击败

My heart is beating faster than usual.

Waves are beating the shore.

He beat me in the game.

13. before

prep. 在…之前,先于

conj. 在…以前;在…之前

adv. 以前;在前

It will be +段时间+before+ do/does…要过多久才…It was +段时间+before+ did…没过多久就…

14. beg 乞求,请求

beg—begged—begged—begging

beg sb. to do 请求/乞求某人做某事

I beg your pardon. 对不起/请原谅/请再讲一遍(降调)

15. begin—began—begun—beginning

begin with=start with 以…开始

to begin with=to start with (插入语)首先、第一I don’t like living here. To begin with, the room is far too small.

16. beginning   n.开始,开端

at the beginning of…

in the beginning= at first

17. behave  v.表现

He behaved as if nothing had happened.

behave badly/well/like a true gentleman

behave oneself 表现得体,有礼貌

well/badly behaved children

18. behavior  n. 不可数

good/bad behavior

be on your best behavior 尽量表现得体

19. behind  prep.在......后面;晚于  adv. 在后面drop/fall behind 落后

leave sb./sth. behind 遗落、忘带

20. belief   n.(不可数)

1)相信,信心

I admire his belief in what he is doing.

2) 看法,信念 (不可数)

He acted in the belief that he was doing good.

There is a general belief that things will soon get better.

3) 信仰 (可数 beliefs)  religious/ political beliefsbeyond belief 难以置信

to the best of one’s belief  尽其所知

高考英语大纲词汇 轻松记忆高中英语3500词——B(3)

21. believe   v.相信,认为

believe it or not (插入语)信不信由你

It is believed that he is a good teacher. =He is believed to be a good teacher.

22. belong  属于

belong to 属于(无被动)

The house belonging to her is under repair.

23. bend  v. 弯曲、弯腰、伏案

bend—bent—bent

She was bent over her desk writing a letter. 她正伏案写信。

24. benefit

1) n. 优势,益处(不可数)

She didn’t get much benefit from her staying abroad.

be of benefit to...=be beneficial to ... = to one’s benefit   对某人有利for one’s benefit = for the benefit of sb. 为了帮助.../为了某人的利益2) vt./ vi. 使受益;获益

benefit sb./ sth

benefit from/ by...

beneficial  adj. 有益的,有用的

be beneficial to...

25. best   adj. 最好的  n. 最好的人,最好的事物;最佳状态do/try one’s best to do 尽全力做

make the best of…  尽量利用......

all the best (书信结语)一切顺利、万事如意

26. better

had better do…  最好做…

否定:had better not do

be better worth reading 更值得读

be better known 更着名的

27. beyond 超出、超过

beyond one’s imagination/description 难以想象/描述beyond one’s power 超出某人能力范围

beyond my wildest dreams 做梦也没想到

28. bid –bid- bid- bidding  v. 出价,投标  n. 投标bid for sth.

I bid 2000 dollars for the painting. 我出价20000美元买这幅画。

The highest bid for the picture was 20000. 这幅画的最高出价是两万\

29. birth  n.出生,诞生

at birth 出生时

give birth to 生下,孕育了

30. biscuit  n.饼干

some chocolate biscuits

高考英语大纲词汇 轻松记忆高中英语3500词——B(4)

31. bit   n.一点,少量

1) a bit of+不可数n.= a little +不可数n.

He can speak a bit of French.

2) a bit/a little +比较级

a bit more slowly

3) not a bit=not at all 一点儿也不、毫不

32. blame  n.责备  v.责备,归咎于

1)be to blame  应该受到责备(主动表被动)

2) blame sb. for doing→sb. be blamed for …

33. blank

1) n. 空白处,空格,(记忆中的)空白,遗忘

fill in the blanks

My mind was a blank and I couldn’t remember her name.

2) adj. 空白的,无装饰的,无图画的,不理解的,没表情的,空虚的a blank form/ wall

a blank expression

Suddenly my mind went blank.

34. blind  adj.瞎的,盲目的

be blind to 对...…视而不见、熟视无睹  =turn a blind eye to

35. blow  v.(blew  blown) 吹、刮  n.吹,打击

blow down 吹倒

blow up 爆炸、炸毁

give sb. a blow 给某人打击

36. board  n.木板,布告牌,董事会  v.登上

on board 在船(车、飞机)

board a train 上火车

37. book  n.书 v. 预定(车、船)票

book a room/ ticket

38. bored  adj.感到无聊的

be bored with... /to death.

boring  adj.令人无聊的

a boring job /book/man

39. bother   vt./vi.

1) 花费时间精力做某事(常用于否定句,疑问句中)① bother with/ about sth

---Shall I wait? ---No, don’t bother.

It’s not worth bothering with an umbrella.

② bother to do

He didn’t even bother to let me know he was coming.

③ bother doing

Why bother asking if you are not really interested?

2) 给...造成麻烦,痛苦 使...烦恼,担忧

① bother sb with/ about...

I don’t want to bother her with my problems.

---I’m sorry he was rude to you.

--- It doesn’t bother me.

② bother sb. that...

Does it bother you that she earns more than you?

③ bother sb. to do...

It bothers me to think of her alone at home.

3) 打扰 插话

bother sb

Sorry to bother you, but...

be bothered about sb./ sth 认为...重要  关心...

I’m not bothered about what he thinks.

bother  n. 麻烦 困难(不可数)

---Thanks for your help.  --- it was no bother.

put sb. to bother

get sb. /oneself into bother给某人添麻烦

40. bottom   n.底部;尽头

at the bottom of…

from the bottom of one’s heart

高考英语大纲词汇 轻松记忆高中英语3500词——B(5)

41. break—broke –broken

break out  (战争、火灾、疾病等)爆发

break down (车、机器等)坏掉、出故障;分解;(身体)垮掉;break in   打断;闯入

break up 破碎;(关系)破裂

break away from 摆脱、脱离

42. breath  n.呼吸

hold one’s breath   屏住呼吸

take a deep breath    深呼吸

out of breath  上气不接下气

breathe  v.呼吸

43. bring  vt. 带来;促使;引起;使某人处于某种情况或境地bring  up   提出;教育;养育;呕出

bring down   降低;打倒

bring about   带来

bring in  引进

44. broken  adj.坏的;破碎的;蹩脚的

speak in broken English

a broken marriage

45. budget  n.预算

within / over budget 在预算内/超出预算

on a (tight) budget  缺少钱 拮据

budget  vt./vi.预算

~ sth for ... 将...编入预算

~$1,000,000 for education spending

~ for  存钱 编预算

~ for a holiday abroad

46. build—built—built v. 建筑;建造

build up   增进、增强

47. burn—burned—burned/--burnt—burnt  燃烧;晒黑、伤burn down  烧毁

burn…to the ground= completely destroyed  夷为平地get burnt   被晒伤

a burning candle  燃烧的蜡烛

48. burst v. 突发;爆炸

burst—burst—burst

burst out laughing/ crying= burst into laughter/ tears  突然大笑起来/痛哭起来

49. bury  v.埋葬;隐藏

bury—buried—buried—burying

bury one’s face in the hands  手捂着脸

bury oneself in…  = be buried in…  专心致志于......

50. business  n. 生意;职责;(本分)工作

on business   出差

do business with sb.

Business is business. 公事公办。

It’s none of your business. 与你无关。

mind your own business  管好你自己的事

高考英语大纲词汇 轻松记忆高中英语3500词——B(6)

51. busy  adj.忙的;忙碌的

be busy with sth.

be busy (in) doing 忙于做......

busily  adv.

52. but  conj.但是  prep.除了

not…but… 不是…而是

we have no choice but to wait. 除了等待别无选择。

We can do nothing but wait.   除了等待什么也不能做。

but for  要不是、若没有(引导含虚拟语气的句子)But for your help, I would have failed.

53. by

by bus/car/plane/air/train/ship… 乘汽车/小汽车/飞机/火车/船

 

 
 
 

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