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托福口语 | 如何升华用词和句式

托福口语作为大多中国考生难以攻克的科目,无疑给想要拿高分的考生带来了极大的困扰。ETS官方给托福口语评分标准分为了四大板块

 

1. 语言使用(language use)

2. 表达(delivery) 

3. 描述(general description)

4. 主题发展(topic development)

 

对于后三项,想要提高需要长时间的发音纠音练习,以及技巧的积累。而对于语言使用这一点,同学们只要通过一篇阅读,就可以学会多种让你口语出彩的表达,完美脱离以前平淡无奇的答案。

 

 

 

通过长时间的观察和考察,我们发现许多考生的口语答案里有这样一个共同点:几乎所有人一提到观点表达就是“I think”句式,一提到心情就是“very happy”。在英文里人们把这种词称为“cliche”,大概意思就是被用烂了的词语或表达方式。那么在这篇文章里,我会对这些例子作出总结,并给出一些更加出众的表达方式。

 

 
 
 

语言使用技巧

 

 
 

 I think ··· 句式

 

观点表达作为托福口语里面必不可少的部分,同学们经常反复使用到I think ···,导致句式缺乏多样性。大家可以考虑以下几种类似的表达方式:

       1. I believe / It’s my belief that··· 

      该表达方式相比于I think,情感的表达显得更为强烈。如果想要自己的立场显得更加坚定,且避免给考官一种优柔寡断的感觉,I believe 是一个不错的选择。

       2. In my opinion / From my point of view 

      这种说法显得更加礼貌,其实言外之意有一种“我明白并尊重这个议题有多个立场,但是这个是我的立场”的感觉。

       3. I feel / It seems to me that / As I see it / To my way of thinking  / The way I see things is that 

       这样的百搭方式显得答者的立场更为薄弱,意思大概为“依我来看,这件事有点···”。 要注意的是,观点不那么坚定也未必是个坏事,比如说当你知道自己持着小众观点的时候,这种表达方式在某种程度上反而更加恰当一些。

       4. As far as I can tell / As far as I’m concerned           这里的潜台词是“我的观点可能会变,但是就目前来看,这是我的观点”。通常适用于持续性的话题,例如某个球队的表现、天气状况、留学趋势等等。

       5. If you ask me / If I were to make a decision

       类似于第三点,这种表达方式显得立场没那么坚定。有时也有一种“我不是很想回答,但如果你非要问我,那么这是我的观点” 的意思。

 

        个别例子:

▪         In my opinion, they could not do better than that.I assume your flight is delayed due to weather conditions.

▪         In my point of view it is just a system error.

▪         If you ask me, this exceeds all our expectations.

▪         As far as I can tell, this information is kept very secret.

▪         To my mind he died because of a heart attack.

▪         The way I see things is that this election will be called off.

▪         It seems to me that you know how to play the guitar.

▪         I believe that you are innocent.

▪         I would say that man is very kind.

▪         I consider there is a serious malfunction in the machine.

▪         To me it is a piece of art.

▪         From my point of view, you are in danger.

▪         It is my view this city is the most beautiful city in the world.

▪         It is my belief that our children will be in very bad circumstances in the near future.

▪         I honestly believe that she is the finest violinist in the world.

▪         To my way of thinking, we are working on a very important project.

▪         I feel that love is everywhere.

 

 

 I like ··· 句式

 

“我喜欢···”这类的表达在托福口语里也经常碰到,尤其是task1的个人喜好题。然而根据不同的场合、语气和程度,以下几种表达方式可能会更加合适:

       1. I’m really into ···: 比 I like 的程度更加深,意思是说我在做某件事时非常着迷、非常忘我。

       2. I’m keen on ···: 程度同样加深,除了喜欢之外也表明我非常有兴趣学习这件事。

       3. It appeals to me ···: 非常地道的日常口语化的一种表达,很自然。

       4. It’s to my liking ··· :I like it 更正式的说法,偏书面化,口语中使用较少。

       5. I’m mad/crazy about it ···:这里的 mad/crazy 其实还是“喜欢”的意思,类似于我为某件事情而疯狂。

       6. I’m addicted to ···: 意思是我做这一件事情都有一点上瘾了

       7. I’ve grown to like it ··· :我以前对这件事不怎么感冒,但是现在我越来越喜欢了。

 

       个别例子:

▪         I’m really into American football, go blue!

▪         I’m keen on math, I would even teach myself outside of class.

▪         I prefer the white dress, I’m not so sure why but it just appeals to me.

▪         Dude I’m crazy about Eminem, he’s the rap god.

▪         I’m addicted to the show Silicon Valley, I stayed up all night to watch it.

I’ve grown to like pickles, I would never put it on my hot dog when I was younger.

 

 For example ··· 句式

 

托福口语里另一个最常见的词组就是for example。因为几乎每一个task都可以用到举例子,同学们可以尝试着变换着说法。

     1. For instance  :意思上没有区别,通常和for example可以互换

       2. To give you an idea ··· :通常在第一个例子前使用,用于引入一个例子。

       3. As proof ··· :这种表达比较学术,多数用于观点阐述后引入数据/事例的情况。

       4. Suppose that ···: 这种说法相对于其他表达,会更吸引听者的注意;它非常自然,类似于把大家慢慢带入了例子的情景之中。

       5. To illustrate ··· :当你想要证明你的观点时,可以尝试这个句式。

       6. Imagine ··· 同样比较亲切的表达方式之一,多数用于议论情景中说服对方的情况下。

       7. To show you what I mean ···: 比较口语化的说法,在介绍或者推销某一个事物时可以用到。

       8. Let’s say ···: 和之前的 imagine/suppose 比较类似,但是这种表达更加口语和随意。

       9. Case in point ··· :当你有一个非常完美的例子来证实你的观点时,这是一个不错的选择。

 

       个别例子:

▪         “Our product has several features your reps will love; for instance, they can schedule a series of emails …”

▪         “The right training program will ‘stick’ for months and months. To give you an idea, Abel Co.’s sales team’s average productivity rate per rep increased by 30% in the first quarter after our workshop -- and it’s stayed within two percentage points ever since.”

▪         “Unhealthy snacks might be hurting employee satisfaction more than you’d think. As proof, HereNow’s eNPS score went up 10 points once we revamped their office ‘pantry’.”

▪         “Surprisingly, most salespeople spend the majority of their day on non-selling tasks. Suppose that all the time you currently spend in your CRM could be put toward emailing, calling, and meeting with prospects.”

▪         “Everyone needs a good cybersecurity strategy -- even if you’re not in a ‘risky’ industry. To illustrate, we just protect a client in the consumer pet space, of all things, from an extremely sophisticated attack that would’ve taken every single one of their 100 stores offline for hours, maybe even days.”

▪         “Imagine every single franchise you own doubled their sales. What impact would that have on your life?”

▪         “Millennials work harder when they feel they are contributing to a larger purpose. To show you what I mean, here’s an article about what happened when we rolled out a ‘Danco Cares’ internal marketing campaign.”

▪         “Let’s say you could attract five times more people to your website.”

▪         “It might sound too good to be true, but simply adding more recycle bins can make your restaurant produce far less trash. Case in point: We put three bins inside Pita Palace’s Westwood location and removed one trash bin, and waste decreased by 13.9%.”

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